[B]I, 19 Bhava pratyaya videha prakritilayanaam
I, 20 Sraddha virya smirti samadhi prajna purvakah itaresam
may arise from one?s disposition
as in the case of illumined souls
who experience only their incorporeal state,
merged with nature.
who are not born
with this thorough knowledge,
being absorbed in Spirit
is preceded by faith
and a mindfulness
with the wisdom
These two sutras describe two groups of sadhakas. The first is some one who is on the path to nirbija samadhi but dies before experiencing it. The second sutra explains to all others how to achieve nirbija samadhi.
Both Sw. Shyam and Sw. Satchidananda agree that the advanced sadhaka is reborn into a family of a yogi, and continues where he/she left off prior to death. Sw. Satchidananda says that gods or siddha purushas are those that have mastered sa-asmita samadhi; however, they have not yet attained liberation and therefore, they have to come back as human beings to become liberated.
Iyengar has a different interpretation. He says that the sadhaka that has achieved asamprajnata is between the sabija and nirbija samadhi. This sadhaka may experience bodilessness but in ?merging with nature, they forget to climb to the he topmost rung of the ladder? (p. 68) and in doing so achieve isolation rather than liberation.
For those of us who are not advanced souls, we are still able to achieve nirbija samadhi by
- Sridhar = trust or faith coupled with mental and intellectual firmness
- virya = vigor and strength
- smirti = memory, recollection or mindfulness
- samadhi = absorption in the Spirit
- prajna = awareness of real knowledge acquired through intense contemplation.
Iyengar, B.K.S., Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. New Delhi, India: Harper Collins Publications India. 1993
Swami Satchidananda, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Buckingham, VA: Integral Yoga Publications. 2004
Swami Shyam, Patanjali Yog Darshan, India: International Meditation Institute, 2001, 3rd. edition.
Stiles, M., Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Boston, MA: Red Wheel/Weiser LLC. 2002.