The word yoga and its derivatives occur frequently in Sanskrit
literature of all periods as well as in mediaeval and modern
Indian languages. Derived from the verbal root yuj, signifying,
among other things, “to join”, “to attach”, “to harness”,
“to yoke” (an often-cited English cognate), “to unite”, “to
use”, “to employ”, “to apply”, “to concentrate” and “to bestow”,
yoga can mean in Sanskrit “the act of yoking or attaching”,
“a yoke or team”, “sum”, “expedient”, “means”,
“supernatural means”, “magic”, “trick” and many other things,
including “application of mind” and “concentration”. In modern
Indian languages the word has an equally wide range of
meaning. In Bengali, for instance, yoga (pronounced jogo), can
signify “union”, “mixing”, “blending”, “relation”, “contact”,
“expedient”, “medium”, “vehicle”, “auspicious time”, “remedy”,
“food”, “addition”, and “the plus sign”.
In English, where its history goes back to the late eighteenth
century, yoga has just two senses: (1) union with the Divine,
or a system of practice leading to such union; (2) a particular
method of yoga, properly hat.hayoga, that uses bodily postures,
breath control and other techniques to promote good health and
mental tranquillity. The first of these is generally considered the
“real” meaning of the word, and is often mentioned in popular
discussions of yoga philosophy and practice. “Union with the
Divine” falls within the word’s semantic range, but this sense is
not well attested in Sanskrit literature. One of the earliest occurrences
of yoga in a mystical context is in the Taittir?ıya Upanis.ad.
Enumerating the aspects of the knowledge-self (vijn˜a?namaya
?atman), the author says that its body ( ?atman) is yoga (translated
by Hume and Radhakrishnan as “contemplation” and by Olivelle
as “performance”.)1 The Kat.ha Upanis.ad explains that yoga
comes when “the five [sense] knowledges cease along with the
mind, and the intellect does not stir”.
The word "Yoga" can mean various things based on their context. We know what context we are using the word Yoga is here we are referring to the system of practices called asana, pranayama and meditation etc. We know we are not referring to the Yoga used in say astrological context to mean auspicious or inauspious times or Yoga used in the context of contact of say samyoga binding in Vaiseshika darshana.
I think it is time I show how absurd your argument is. Every word will have multiple meanings in a dictionary, correct? So how do we know the actual meaning when a word is used? By context. Let us look at a paragraph in one of your posts?
The reason why I say that the phenomenological aspects are not relevant IN THIS THREAD is because we are talking about "IS YOGA HINDUISM?" not "HOW IS DHARANA DIFFERNT FROM DHYANA?" or "How can I understand yoga?" and all the other questions we might have.
a basis or cause, as for some belief, action, fact, event, etc.: the reason for declaring war.
- a statement presented in justification or explanation of a belief or action.
- the mental powers concerned with forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences.
- sound judgment; good sense.
- normal or sound powers of mind; sanity.
- Logic . a premise of an argument.
- Philosophy .
a. the faculty or power of acquiring intellectual knowledge, either by direct understanding of first principles or by argument.
b. the power of intelligent and dispassionate thought, or of conduct influenced by such thought.
c. Kantianism . the faculty by which the ideas of pure reason are created.
–noun Philosophy .
1. the study of phenomena.
2. the system of Husserl and his followers stressing the description of phenomena.
1. appearance to the eye or mind; look: the physical aspect of the country.
2. nature; quality; character: the superficial aspect of the situation.
3. a way in which a thing may be viewed or regarded; interpretation; view: both aspects of a decision.
4. part; feature; phase: That is the aspect of the problem that interests me most.
5. facial expression; countenance: He wore an aspect of gloom. Hers was an aspect of happy optimism.
6. bearing; air; mien: warlike in aspect.
7. view commanded; exposure: The house has a southern aspect.
8. the side or surface facing a given direction: the dorsal aspect of a fish; the northern aspect of the house.
9. Grammar .
a. a category or interrelated set of categories for which the verb is inflected in some languages, typically to indicate the duration, repetition, completion, or quality of the action or state denoted by the verb.
b. a set of syntactic devices, as in the English perfect with have in I have gone, with functions similar to such inflections.
c. any of the members or instances of these categories or sets: the Latin perfect aspect; the Russian imperfect aspect.
d. the meaning of, or meaning typical of, such a category or construction.
e. such categories or constructions, or their meanings collectively.
10. Astrology .
a. the angular distance between two points as seen from the earth, primarily derived by dividing the 360 degrees of the zodiac by the integers 1 through 12.
b. the influence of any two planets or groups of planets located at such points.
11. Archaic . a look; glance.
1. a fine cord of flax, cotton, or other fibrous material spun out to considerable length, especially when composed of two or more filaments twisted together.
2. twisted filaments or fibers of any kind used for sewing.
3. one of the lengths of yarn forming the warp or weft of a woven fabric.
4. a filament or fiber of glass or other ductile substance.
5. Ropemaking .
a. any of a number of fibers twisted into a yarn.
b. a yarn, especially as enumerated in describing small stuff.
6. something having the fineness or slenderness of a filament, as a thin continuous stream of liquid, a fine line of color, or a thin seam of ore: a thread of smoke.
7. the helical ridge of a screw.
8. that which runs through the whole course of something, connecting successive parts: I lost the thread of the story.
9. something conceived as being spun or continuously drawn out, as the course of life fabled to be spun, measured, and cut by the Fates.
10. Computers . a series of newsgroup messages dealing with the same subject.
11. threads, Slang . clothes.
Now, I can be a right arse if I want and pretend I did not understand your post because the meanings are diverse for each word. When you said reason did you mean normal or sound powers of mind, or sound judgement, or did you mean a statement presented in justification or explanation of a belief or action? When you said phenomenology did you mean the study of phenomena or the system founded by Husserl stressing the description of phenomena. When you said aspect did you mean the angular distance between two points as seen from the earth, primarily derived by dividing the 360 degrees of the zodiac by the integers 1 through 12, or facial expression; countenance, or did you mean part; feature; phase? When you said thread did you mean fine cord of flax, cotton, or other fibrous material spun out to considerable length, or the helical ridge of a screw, or did you mean a series of newsgroup messages dealing with the same subject?
I think I pretty much destroyed your entire argument The meaning of a word is given by its context. I know exactly what you said and understand what context you used each word in, but if I wanted to be an arse I could pretend I did not know, because each word has multiple meanings. Similarly, you are coming across as an arse by pretending that we don't know what the word Yoga and Hinduism mean because they have multiple meanings in a dictionary.
Humans are not idiots, we have very sophisticated language abilities. When we read something we automatically can read the context as well. Otherwise, it would be impossible to ever understand one another.