Meditation is considered as on of the important and the deepest trench in the ocean of the yoga field. It seems to be simple but it is not that. It needs a real desire to achieve that happiness and that feat.
There are various types of meditation - prayer is probably the best known, but there is also TM (Transcendental Meditation), mindfulness meditation, and from the Eastern tradition, Zen meditation, Buddhist meditation, and Taoist meditation.
[B]The meditation encompasses such diverse methods as:[/B]
-Formal sitting in which the body is held immobile and the attention controlled. e.g., Zazen, Vipassana
-Expressive practices , in which the body is let free and anything can happen. e.g., Siddha Yoga, the Latihan, the chaotic meditation of Rajneesh.
-The practice of going about one’s daily round of activities mindfully. e.g., Mahamudra, Shikan Taza, Gurdjieff’s “self-remembering”.