Patanjali's Ashtanga yoga path integrates meditation into its transformative journey. In the final stages – Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (meditation), and Samadhi (enlightenment) – we explore meditation's essence.
Dharana is unwavering concentration on a chosen focal point, like a steady drop of water. Interruptions may occur.
Transitioning to Dhyana, we achieve ceaseless focus on the chosen object. Interruptions dissolve, resembling a continuous stream of honey – profound concentration.
At the summit, Samadhi or enlightenment transcends self-awareness. Meditating on the divine, we become one with it. Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi make 'samyama,' the core of meditation. Patanjali explores objects of meditation and supernatural abilities, cautioning against their allure on the path to Samadhi.
In essence, samyama guides us through the sutras, forming the practice of 'meditation' as we journey toward Samadhi.