[b]I, 23 ? TYPES OF DEVOTIONAL PRACTICE (ISVARA PRANIDANAH) - DEFINITION
I, 23 Isvara pranidhanat va
The end of spiritual practice
is only attained
by placing oneself
in the Lord.[/b]
Swami Shyam explains that this sutra is for those sadakhas who place their practice on a higher power rather than on their own efforts. If one has perfect devotion and has surrendered to God, however that is defined by the sadakha, then one can also achieve nirbija samadhi.
Iyengar explains further that pranidanah is the ?surrender of everything: one?s ego, all good and virtuous actions, pains and pleasures, joys and sorrows, elations and miseries to the Universal Soul. Through surrender the aspirant?s ego is effaced, and the grace of the Lord pours down upon him like torrential rain.?
Iyengar, B.K.S., Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. New Delhi, India: Harper Collins Publications India. 1993
Swami Satchidananda, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Buckingham, VA: Integral Yoga Publications. 2004
Swami Shyam, Patanjali Yog Darshan, India: International Meditation Institute, 2001, 3rd. edition.
Stiles, M., Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Boston, MA: Red Wheel/Weiser LLC. 2002.