[b]Vacillations of the Mind ? Classification
I, 5 vrttayah pancatayyah klishta aklistah
are of five types,
which may be either
or not painful.
I, 6 pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smrtayah
The five vacillations are
CLASSIFICATION OF VRITTIS
Sw. Shyam categorizes vrittis as either perpetuating identification and ignorance or bringing true knowledge of the ?Self with the Soul?. Both classes of vrittis however obscure the Self. He suggests saying at the moment of an initiating thought wave ?I, the Self, am now this and now that, and not the Self always is.? (p.3)
In his commentary, Sw. Satchidananda notes that Patanjali classified the thoughts as either painful or not painful, as opposed to painful and pleasurable; this is because pleasure can ultimately bring pain. He proposes the use of the classification of selfish and selfless instead because selfish thoughts and actions ultimately bring pain. For example, selfish love can bring pleasure but the expectation of a reward also brings jealousy, hatred, and unhappiness.
Sw. Satch. says ?What ever the thought is, if there is no selfishness behind it, it can never really bring pain to the person concerned. The result is neither pain nor pleasure, but peace. Seeing this truth, we should analyze all our motives and try to cultivate selfless thoughts.? (p. 10) This is the first step in reducing the vacillations of the mind. Since the mind always likes to think, making selfless thoughts brings peace. Substituting selfish thoughts with selfless thoughts, replaces misery with peace.
TYPES OF VRITTIS
There are five types of vrittis or vacillations of the mind: correct perception, misconception, imagination, sleep and memory. These five may either be painful or not painful.
Swami Satchidananda. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Buckingham, VA: Integral Yoga Publications. 2004
Swami Shyam, Patanjali Yog Darshan, India: International Meditation Institute, 2001, 3rd. edition.
Stiles, M. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Boston, MA: Red Wheel/Weiser LLC. 2002