[b]II, 1-2 KRIYA YOGA
II, 1 tapah svadhayaya isvara-pranidanani kriya yoga
II, 2 samadhi bhavana artha klesa tanu karanarthah ca
The practical means
for attaining higher consciousness
consists of three components:
self-discipline and purification,
to the Lord.
cultivate an attitude conducive
to being absorbed in Spirit
of the primal causes of suffering.[/b]
Iyengar explains that Patanjali views the practice of yoga as kriya yoga or yoga of action. According to Iyengar, kriya yoga is the path to perfection and the three paths helps in the purification of the sadhaka?s body, speech and mind. Tapas as the self-discipline of body, senses, and mind; it is the path of action, karma marga, whose source is life. Svadhyaya is the self-study which purifies speech; it is the path of knowledge, jnana-marga, whose source is wisdom. Isvara pranidhana, is the purification of the mind by love and surrender; it is the path of devotion, bhakti marga, through which the sadhaka surrenders the ego to experience the Lord/Spirit.
Both Sw. Shyam and Satchidananda describe tapas as:
1- the action of performing work without harming anyone including oneself
2- the acceptance that suffering, struggles and hardships is how one becomes purified
3- control but not suppression.
Svadhyaya is the study of scriptures in order to develop self-awareness that deepens and ultimately leads to the experience of the True Self. Isvara pranidanah is the ?surrender to the Supreme Being?..and is the dedication of ?the fruits of your actions to God or to humanity ? God in manifestation.?
Iyengar, B.K.S. Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. New Delhi, India: Harper Collins Publications India. 1993
Swami Satchidananda. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Buckingham, VA: Integral Yoga Publications. 2004
Stiles, M. Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Boston, MA: Red Wheel/Weiser LLC. 2002
Swami Shyam, Patanjali Yog Darshan, India: International Meditation Institute, 2001, 3rd. edition.